Appearance & Taste
The colour of this Premium Tieguanyin Original is sandy green with a good percentage of ‘old leather’ brown. The leaves are curly, with an overall shape resembling a dragonfly head. The tea soup is bright golden while the taste of it is extremely thick and mellow. The orchid aroma is very natural and pure, with an outstanding and wonderful high mountain scent. Its aftertaste is rich and complex, with lingering sweet scent in your throat, with a refreshing orchid flavour.
Adjust the amount of tea based on your own taste
For simple glass vessel / teapot brewing:
You can brew less tea leaves with more hot water for longer brewing time. Use 2 teaspoons of the tea for 125ml teacup, 4 teaspoons for 250ml glass or 8 teaspoons for 500ml teapot.
For Ti Kwan Yin (Tieguanyin) or Taiwan Oolong tea, using 100°C hot water to infuse tea leaves for around 2-5 minutes. Re-steep for around one further infusion. (Adjust by personal taste)
For Gongfu Style:
- Warm the Gaiwan/tiny teapot with hot water; discard the water afterwards
- Add 1g Oolong tea for every 20ml – 30ml of water (recommend 5g to 8g tea leaves, adjust by personal taste)
- Pour hot water (100 °C) into the clay teapot / Gaiwan, tilt it, slowly rotating it two times and quickly discard the water (this step is for waking up tea leaves and stimulating the special aroma of the oolong tea)
- Refill clay teapot/Gaiwan with hot water
- Infuse tea for around 40s for first brew, extending extra 15s infusion time for the following brew.
- Pour the steeped tea into serving cup and divided into small teacups and serve
- Repeat 5-7 times for Ti Kwan Yin (Tieguanyin) or Taiwan Oolong tea
Anxi County, Fujian province
The main production area is in the inner Anxi County. The altitude of the tea plantation is over 1,000 metres. The core producing area is covered with clouds all year around and surrounded by mountains. The annual average temperature there is 15-18℃, and the frost-free period is around 260-324 days. The annual rainfall is 1,700-1,900 mm and the relative humidity is over 78%. Acidic red soil is the most common soil type there, which has a pH of 4.5-5.6 and the soil layers are deep. This is an excellent environment for the cultivation of tea trees.
Harvest & Production
The Technology of making Oolong tea:
The process of making Tieguanyin Oolong Tea comprises the stages of picking, wilting, shaking, fixation (Stir-fixation), rolling and baking. Shaking is the most essential part. The main purpose of shaking is to monitor moisture evaporation. Continuous monitoring requires a maker to stay up all night. Through the shaking, the water contained in the fresh tea stems spreads into the leaves. This special water contains twice as much theanine and catechins as well as additional aromatic substances. Consequently, it is shaking that determines the special aroma of Tieguanyin. After shaking, the tea leaves are left to continue to ferment to the desired level; the next morning they are ready to be fired to destroy the enzymes, capturing the optimal level of aroma and texture. Once the shaking step is done, the tea leaves are left to continue to ferment to the desired level.
The technologies of making Tieguanyin can be divided into three main categories: Zhengchao, Xiaoqing and Tuosuan (Xiaoqing can also be divided into two subcategories – Xiaozheng and Xiaoqingtuo). The differences are complex, but they mainly relate to the delay before destroying the bacteria and enzymes in the leaves （fixation）. The shaking methods used are also very different.
A longer delay before fixation results in a more sour taste, which some drinkers prefer. The word for the most delayed method, Tuosuan, literally means ‘delay-to-sour’.
|Zhengchao/Zhengwei 正炒/正味||Next Morning|
|Xiaozheng 消正||Next Noon|
|Xiaoqing 消青||Next Afternoon|
|Tuosuan 拖酸||The Day After Tomorrow Morning|
Production Time: Spring 2019